Author Guidelines:

Please consult journal guidelines for details of any additional required files.

In general, initial manuscript submissions should consist of: Manuscript text as PDF, Word or plain text. The files for acceptance should be in the form of Soft copy and must be accompanied by a PDF of the manuscript. Graphics (either included within or at the end of the text). A graphical and textual abstract for the Table of contents entry. Any Electronic Supplementary Information can be supplemented. A file listing potential referees may be submitted.
A covering letter, including a justification of the importance of the work. In the covering letter the authors must state that this is their original research work and any part of it has not been published earlier in any other journal.

At Revision:
1. For manuscripts that need revision, or have been accepted without further changes, the following files are required: Manuscript text as Word or plain text  files. Tables included in the manuscript must be submitted as text files.
2. Graphics saved separately. ChemDraw files are particularly useful when enhancing the online Prospect version of an article.
3. A graphical and textual abstract for the Table of Contents pages. Electronic Supplementary Information.

4. A covering letter, detailing the changes that have been made to the manuscript and responding to all comments of the referees.

How to submit Initial submission:

Articles should be submitted using the RSC file upload service at
On submitting their manuscripts, authors are encouraged to supply the names and addresses of 2-3 potential referees.

The submissions service allows for up to five files to be uploaded at one time. Alternatively a ZIP file containing up to 20 files can be uploaded. All files relating to a single manuscript should be uploaded simultaneously during one transaction. Files uploaded separately will result in more than one manuscript number being assigned.

After submission your file will be acknowledged as soon possible. Authors should contact the editorial office if they have not received an acknowledgement within 4 working days. Authors should not forward an additional copy of their manuscript by post or e-mail to avoid duplicate entries of their manuscripts by the editorial office.

Proof correction:

PDF proofs for correction are sent by e-mail to the corresponding author. Please note that authors are responsible for the final proof-reading of manuscripts. It is therefore imperative that authors check the proofs very carefully. Particular attention should be paid to numerical data both in the tables and text. Proof corrections should be returned to the editorial office within 48 hours of receipt. Corrections at this stage should be minor and not involve extensive changes. All corrections must be sent at the same time. Papers are published as Advance Articles on the web as soon as possible after proof corrections are received from the authors. Late corrections cannot be incorporated after publication of the Advance Article.

Permission  to publish:

All authors submitting work for publication are required to agree a Licence to Publish. Authors submitting online will be asked to agree a Licence to Publish as part of the submission process. Alternatively, a downloadable PDF version is available, which can be completed and forwarded by email, post or fax to the editorial office.

Preparing your article for submission:

Full papers
Full papers present original high quality primary research that has not been previously published. Extensions on work that has appeared in print in a short form such as a Communication are normally acceptable.

A paper should have a short, straightforward title directed at the general reader. Lengthy systematic names and complicated and numerous chemical formulae should therefore be avoided where possible. The use of nonstandard
abbreviations and symbols in a title is not encouraged. Please bear in mind that readers increasingly use search engines to find literature; recognisable, searchable terms should be included in the title where possible. Brevity in a title, though desirable, should be balanced against its accuracy and usefulness. The use of Series titles and Part numbers in titles of papers is discouraged. Instead these can be included as a footnote to the first page together with a reference (reference 1) to the preceding part. When the preceding part has been submitted to the RSC but is not yet published, the paper reference number should be given.

Author names
Full names for all the authors of an article should be given. To give due acknowledgement to all workers contributing to the work, those who have contributed significantly to the research should be listed as co-authors. On submission of the manuscript, the corresponding author attests to the fact that those named as co-authors have agreed to its submission for publication and accepts the responsibility for having properly included all (and only) coauthors. If there are more than ten co-authors on the manuscript the corresponding author should provide a statement to specify the contribution of each co-author. The corresponding author signs a copyright licence on behalf of all the authors.

Table of contents entry
This entry should include a colour image (no larger than 8 cm wide and 4 cm high), and 20-30 words of text that highlight the novel aspects of your work. Graphics should be as clear as possible, simple schematic diagrams or reaction schemes are preferred to ORTEP style crystal structure depictions and complicated graphs, for example. The graphic used in the Table of Contents entry need not necessarily appear in the article itself. Authors should bear in mind the final size of any lettering on the graphic. For examples, please see the online version of the appropriate journal.

Every paper must be accompanied by a summary (100-200 words) setting out briefly and clearly the main objects and results of the work; it should give the reader a clear idea of what has been achieved. The summary should be essentially independent of the main text; however, names, partial names or linear formulae of compounds may be accompanied by the numbers referring to the corresponding displayed formulae in the body of the text. Please bear in mind that readers increasingly use search engines to find literature; recognisable, searchable terms and keywords should be included in the abstract to enable readers to more effectively find your paper.

This should give clearly and briefly, with relevant references, both the nature of the problem under investigation and its background.

Materials and methods
This should include the subjects considered for the research, like organisms or locations or molecules  or data. In addition to it the methods, techniques used for the research. All the data provided here should be supplemented with sources from the above things are obtained with necessary permission. The degree of purity of materials should be given, as should the relative quantities used. Descriptions of established procedures are unnecessary. Standard techniques and methods used throughout the work should be stated at the beginning of the section. Apparatus should be described only if it is non-standard; commercially available instruments are referred to by their stock numbers. The accuracy of primary measurements should be stated. Unexpected hazards encountered during the experimental work should be noted.

Results and discussion
It is usual for the results to be presented first, followed by a discussion of their significance. Only strictly relevant results should be presented and figures, tables, and equations should be used for purposes of clarity and brevity. The use of flow diagrams and reaction schemes is encouraged. Data must not be reproduced in more than one form, e.g. in both figures and tables, without good reason.

This is for interpretation and to highlight the novelty and significance of the work. The conclusions should not summarise information already present in the text or abstract.

Contributors other than co-authors may be acknowledged in a separate paragraph at the end of the paper; acknowledgements should be as brief as possible. All sources of funding should be declared.

Bibliographic references and notes.

Formats with  examples
Research paper Format
Authors, name/names, last name, first initial (year of publication). Title of the paper. Name of the journal. Volume. Number. Page numbers.

Reddy. J 2011 Protocol for the Economical Micropropagation of Phalaenopsis Queen Emma Using Leaf Explants.  International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering Research  (IJBBR)Volume 2  Number 2  (2011)pp. 195-206.

Author's last name, first initial. (Publication date). Book title. Additional information. City of publication: Publishing company.

Allen, T. (1974). Vanishing wildlife of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society.
Encyclopedia & Dictionary

Author's last name, first initial. (Date). Title of Article. Title of Encyclopedia (Volume, pages). City of publication: Publishing company.

Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopedia britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.
Magazine & Newspaper Articles

Author's last name, first initial. (Publication date). Article title. Periodical title, volume number(issue number if available), inclusive pages.

Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.
Website or Webpage

Online periodical:

Author's name. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number, Retrieved month day, year, from full URL


No section headings are used in Communications. Brief details of key experiments are permitted but lengthy introductions and discussion, extensive data, and excessive experimental details and conjecture should not be included. The experimental evidence necessary to support a communication should be supplied for the referees to aid in their assessment of the work and for eventual publication as Electronic Supplementary Information.


Review articles are normally the result of an invitation from the editorial office. Please consult the editor of the  journal in question if you are interested in writing a review.